1974 — North Korea joins the International Atomic Energy Agency. Due to a dispute with the United States over its nuclear weapons program, the communist country withdrew from the UN’s nuclear watchdog on January 10, 2003.

2002 — The South Korean and North Korean militaries agree to open a hotline to coordinate, among other tasks, the work of reconnecting two sets of rail lines and roads cut across their heavily fortified border. Railways and roads have been reconnected, but they have not yet been opened to traffic due to political and military tensions between the two sides.

2005 — President Roh Moo-hyun delivers a speech at the high-level plenary meeting of the United Nations General Assembly in New York.

2010 — The European Union’s Foreign Affairs Council approves a free trade agreement with South Korea, aimed at eliminating or phasing out customs duties on 96% of EU products and 99% of South Koreans within three years. The Korea-EU FTA entered into full force on July 1, 2011.

2012 — Representative Moon Jae-in, a human rights lawyer turned politician, wins the presidential nomination of the main opposition United Democratic Party.

2013 — The inter-Korean factory complex in North Korea begins trial production after a five-month hiatus, as the two Koreas discuss ways to ensure sustainable growth of the joint economic enterprise. South Korea then closed the resort in 2016 in retaliation for North Korea’s nuclear test and missile launch earlier that year.

2018 — Top nuclear envoys from South Korea and the United States meet in Seoul to discuss an end-of-war declaration and North Korea’s denuclearization ahead of an inter-Korean summit.